Informational websites and web portal used to dominate the web until the last decades. The emergence of sophisticated web application building tools has led us to web apps, which although are still sandboxed inside a web browser’s environment, they are as feature-full as a full-fledged desktop or mobile application.
Today’s, web is build upon modern web technologies. They are developed on full-stack web application frameworks, uses a pre-complier for CSS tables and are making a move towards NoSQL from RDBMS. A part of credit, of course, goes to HTML5 and CSS3.
Let’s take a look at what are the technologies that are dominating web development scene today.
CSS made easy
CSS wasn’t actually designed for what we use it today for. No doubt, progress has been made in this direction with rapid browser innovation sand introduction of CSS3 and beyond. Essentially, we rely on CSS techniques that are, for all purposes and intents, hacks. The float function, for example, was developed to line up an image within a piece of text. Nothing more. Today, we use that function to lay out entire interfaces.
Thus, there is an urgent need of CSS extension language like Less and Sass
With Sass, change a color in your stylesheet and the entire stylesheet will reflect that change. In CSS, this is way hectic. You have to find and replace the value multiple times.
Web Development Frameworks
Web development is of three types: front-end development, back-end development, and full-stack development. Front-end development, as the name sounds, deals with the look and feel of a website and target towards users. Back-end development, on the other hand, takes care of the operation of a web application.
Ruby on Rails
Bootstrap is a powerful UI framework to develop responsive web applications and has an extensive popular front-end component library. From quick prototypes to entire web apps and support for Sass variables and mixins, Bootstrap contains HTML- and CSS-based design templates for typesetting, webforms, buttons, navigation, and other UI components.
React is the framework to select when a developer wants to develop interactive web-applications change instances or view without the need of reloading the page.
A front-end web application framework maintained by Google and a community of independent code contributors and testers, Angular JS is the solution to the challenges faced by developers in building single-page web applications.
Ember’s Handlebars integrated templates update whenever the underlying data do, which decreases amount of efforts a developer has to put, saving his time making minor choices by incorporating common idioms so that the developer concentrates only the part of web application that matters.
Ember.js is based on the Model–view–viewmodel (MVVM) pattern, and like Angular.js lets developers to build scalable single-page web applications without writing redundant codes.
Ember powers Groupon, LinkedIn, Twitch.tv and Chipotle.
NoSQL databases are much more powerful than relational databases, which struggles with a wide variety of data types and sources, including data from mobile devices, IoT devices, wearables, and sensors.
Object-relational database management system (ORDBMS) also carries various advantages to relation database management system (RDBMS)
MongoDB is a document database that is scalable and flexible to facilitate quick querying and indexing. Classified as a NoSQL database program, MongoDB, unlike MySQL, stores data in JSON-like documents which allows the fields to vary from document to document; data structure can also change. Ad hoc queries, quick indexing, and instantaneous aggregation open gates for renewed ways to access and analyze your data.
PostgreSQL, or Postgres, an object-relational database management system (ORDBMS), puts emphasis on extensibility and compliance. Postgres is damn scalable can work from small single-machine applications to large Internet-facing applications with many parallel users. PostgreSQL is the default database on macOS server, ACID-compliant, transactional, and supports expendability: updatable views and materialized views, triggers, foreign keys; supports functions and stored procedures.
These developments can be employed to both lure and involve new and current users when applied promptly. That is why it is significant to look to the future now for concepts and motivation to take an edge on competition.